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All about bikes

The history of cycle sport (Part 1)

Cycle sports include professional and amateur races, held mostly in continental Europe, the United States and Asia. Since when has sports bike racing been started?

Cycling as an official sport since 1868, with a 1,200-meter race between the fountains and the entrance of Saint-Cloud Park (near Paris). The winner of this race is James Moore, an 18 year old British racer.

On November 7, 1869, the first city-to-city bicycle race was held between Paris and Rouen. Again Moore was the winner with the distance of 135 km in 10 hours 25 minutes. While road racing became popular for a few years in continental Europe, in England, road degradation made the sport unsuitable, and thus cycling sport focused on the test or time tracking.

In the United States, the first recorded cycling sport race was held in May 1878 in Boston. Almost all of America’s first races are on track, in long races. In the 1890s, a number of motorsport races were held from Boston to San Francisco.

There were many competitions in cities such as Denver, Los Angeles, and St. Louis and Salt Lake City. The sport received tremendous boost when one of the famous cyclists, Charles M. Murphy made a trip behind a train and traveled a mile in just 57.8 seconds.

History of sports cycling

Another special form of racing that flourished in the United States in the 1890s was the six-day bicycle race (since the races usually begin at midnight and end at 10 pm ) nonstop with prizes of up to $ 10,000.

This form of racing was transformed with the one-man team to two-man teams in 1899, and the six-day races remained popular in the 1930s. Although no longer held at In the United States, these races continue to attract a lot of riders in Belgium, Italy, France and Germany.

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MotoGP Racing

Brazil officially hosts MotoGP in 2022

According to information broadcast from Dorna Sports (the company that owns the commercial and television rights of the MotoGP race), a MotoGP race will officially take place in Brazil in the 2022 season.

After 22 years from the last (2004 season) a MotoGP race will officially take place on Brazilian territory. Specifically, a five-year contract was signed between Dorna Sport and Rio Motorsports. Thereby, a new racetrack named Rio Motorpark will be built in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and will be officially completed in 2021.

It is known that Rio Motorpark has a design of about 4.5 km long, with 7 corners of the left corner and 6 corners of the right corner. Also according to Marcelo Crivella – Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, the construction of the Rio Motorpark is a major project of the city of Rio de Janeiro. It will create a huge amount of jobs (about 7,000 job opportunities) for local people as well as boost the city’s tourism industry in the near future.

The Rio Motorpark will be completed in 2021

Before the official return in the MotoGP 2022 season, Brazil also had time to be the “host” of the famous motor racing competitions in the world; between 1987 and 1992 and 1995 to 2004.

This is true from the share of CEO Dorna Sport, during the MotoGP season 2022 to 2026 will take a total of 22 races. More specifically, the number of 2019 is 19 stages, the MotoGP 2020 season will increase to 20 stages with the arrival of Finland, the MotoGP 2021 season will be 21 stages with the participation of Indonesia and the number until the MotoGP season. 2022 will be 22 stages with the arrival of Brazil.

Although the limit set by Mr. Carmelo Ezpeleta is 22 races for MotoGP to the end of the MotoGP season 2026. But according to the information available, 01 countries of South Asia, Portugal and Mexico are being active in becoming the host of a race in this world’s most prestigious 02-wheel race system. And one of the names can only appear on the MotoGP map if the host countries do not continue to organize MotoGP.

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Motorcycle Racing

The largest motorbike racing events in the world (Part 3)

Because of the harsh conditions of the track, the attendees often focus on suspension, good suspension to meet the terrain. Motocross is also distinguished by the different awarding format, sometimes with extra prizes for riders who overcome certain challenges in the race.

Naturally, the racer finishes first championship within the allotted time or number of laps depending on the manner in which the race is organized.

Supercross

The supercross world motorcycle racing tournament is a variation of Motocross but held indoors. Often held in stadiums with a different race condition than the steering wheel technique. In North America, Supercross is very developed.

However, in Europe, Motocross still dominates and people distinguish these two races through the way of organizing and temporarily calling Supercross to be held indoors and Motocross is outdoor.

Supermotor

The Supermoto world motorbike race is a mixed race combining asphalt and terrain. The type of motorbikes that participated in the race was mostly from the terrain of the Motocross. Due to the use of special terrain vehicles, so the technique of cornering is also very different

Other races such as MotoGP or Superbike commonly used cornering technique is the knee-lowering technique, but in Supermoto the driver will hug the crab with a straightened leg and use the car’s inertia to make a nice face.

Enduro

Enduro is a genre of off-road racing that focuses on the durability of the vehicle and the driver. Normally each driver must complete a lap of more than 10 miles (more than 15km) of terrain through the forest.

The race will set many stages with the goal of finishing within a certain time, and there will be penalties if done earlier or late, so the “punctuality” factor is most important. A standard race usually takes place within 3-4 hours, some other races take place over a longer period of time.

In national or international tournaments, the race can take place for many days, the maintenance of vehicles is strictly controlled during the race to ensure fairness.

These include the famous Enduro races like the World Enduro Championship (WEC) across Europe, and the most prominent one is the International Six Days Enduro competing against teams from many countries.

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My Blog

The largest motorbike racing events in the world (Part 2)

Motorcycles participating in the Grand Prix race are specialized vehicles, not mass production for the purpose of competition to bring glory to the car manufacturer.

Currently, there are many world motor racing competitions organized for different types of cars to determine the reputation and success of the participating automakers.

Superbike Racing

Superbike Racing is for mass-produced commercial motorcycles, with structural changes to suit the track. Motorcycles participating in this race must have 4-stroke engines from 800cc to 1200cc for 2-engine engines, and 750cc to 1000cc for 4-cylinder engines.

The cars involved are almost similar to the commercial models and upgraded some parts, in general they do not look different from the street cars, and the engine is allowed to be refined. special tuning.

Supersport Racing

The Supersport Motor Racing is also a racing formula for commercially tuned, engine-manufactured commercial vehicles. To be allowed to participate in this race, the car must be equipped with 4-stroke engine with a capacity of 400 to 600cc with 4-cylinder engine and from 600 to 750cc capacity for 2-cylinder engines.

Supersport’s regulations are somewhat stricter than the Superbike race, including the engine of the participating car must be the same size as the standard engine, can adjust engine power but also very strictly controlled.

Famous Supersport competitions include AMA Supersport Championship, British Supersport Championship and Supersport World Championship.

Endurance Racing

This is a race to test the durability of the car and the physical strength of the racer. Each team has many different riders and can be replaced during a very long race. The race format is to complete the number of laps in the fastest time, or to complete as many laps as possible in a given time. The durability and reliability of a motorcycle is one of the most important elements of this race.

Motocross

The world of Motocross (or MX) is similar to other motorbike races, but the biggest difference is the harsh off-road conditions. The closed loop is built to challenge all riders including a mixture of dirt, sand, mud and grass… even simulating rough terrain.

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Motorcycle Racing

The largest motorbike racing events in the world (Part 1)

Motorbike racing has become a sport in which riders are trained strictly and seriously, and the quality of each bike will be shown in these races.

Traditional Road

Traditional Road refers to the motorbike races taking place on the street. Currently, the number of roads that can be organized for street motorcycle races has decreased and most of them are concentrated in European countries. Examples of typical street bike races are the International Road Racing Championship and Duke Road Racing Rankings.

In addition, there are smaller races organized according to the purchase of prizes with prizes for outstanding racing winners such as Isle of Man TT, North West 200 and Ulster Grand Prix. Ireland currently hosts the most street races. Besides, the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, New Zealand and Macau.

Motorcycle Grand Prix

Commonly known as the MotoGP, the world MotoGP motorcycle racing competition can be organized into three separate segments: Moto3, Moto2 and MotoGP.

Moto3 was launched in 2012 for 250cc segment motorcycles with 4-stroke single cylinder engine. Previously, Moto3 also allowed the 125cc segment. In Moto3 races, the age of the riders will be limited from 25 to 28 years old.

Moto2 was introduced by Dorna Sports, which currently holds the edition of the MotoGP formula competitions, in 2010 for the 4-stroke 600cc segment. Previously the Moto2 formula also included 250cc 2-stroke motorcycles. In the first season, Moto2 allowed 2-stroke and 2-stroke engines to participate. But in 2011 only 4-stroke engine types to this day.

The current MotoGP world motorcycle racing tournament is the racing formula for the largest displacement bike. This race has been controversial and changed with the engine regulations during the early years of the organization.

In 2002, 990cc 4-stroke engines were allowed to compete between 500cc 2-stroke models. And until 2003, completely replaced the whole 2-stroke model. In 2007, MotoGP reduced the engine capacity to 800cc and failed before setting the standard to allow only 1000cc 4 stroke engines in 2012 and to this day.

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All about bikes

The development of bicycles from the 20th century to the present

Bicycles became an increasingly important means of transportation in Europe during the first half of the 20th century, but the demand for bicycles decreased significantly in the US from 1900 to 1910 due to the advent of cars.

By the 1920s, bicycles gradually turned into a children’s toy and in 1940, most bicycles in the US were made for children. However, in Europe, bicycles are still widely used.

During the first half of the 20th century, bicycles were continuously developed to suit the diverse needs of consumers. The system of multi-plate tires that can be exchanged back and forth while running was developed in France from 1900 to 1910 and gradually improved over time.

In 1930, the European Bicycle Racing Organization allowed riders to use this system. Previously, if a driver was to be changed during the race, the driver had to stop, remove the wheel to change the desired plate, and reinstall it. This is extremely time consuming. This system helps riders save a lot of time when they want to change the speed of the car.

Around the middle of the 20th century, many other devices on bicycles were continued to be built and perfected such as handbrake systems, lighter pedal cycles, dinamo-powered lights on wheels and tires.

The narrower design helps reduce friction allowing the bike to move more smoothly and smoothly. These bikes became very popular in Europe especially in the UK in the 1950s and were always improved during the remaining decades of the 20th century. Bicycles gradually became a popular hobby. of many people.

Bicycles in the beginning of the 21st century

Since the beginning of the 21st century, bicycles have begun to improve drastically with the development of technology. In design, the chassis is made of different materials to reduce weight but still ensure their durability and aerodynamic requirements.

The bike balance is calculated and simulated by computer software that allows the production of bicycles that are safe for drivers. New technologies applied such as making carbon fiber parts or electronic self-shifting system make the bike more modern.

Up to the present time, bicycles have always been improved in parallel with the advancement of science and technology to meet the increasingly stringent requirements of users. 

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All about bikes

How were bicyles in the 19th century?

The invention of bicycles has had a great impact on society, both in culture and in promoting the industrialization of modernization. Thanks to bicycles, many modern vehicles such as cars and motorcycles were later invented.

So, how were bicycle look like in the 19th century?

E.C.F. bike model Otto in 1880

In 1885, John Kemp Starley, the grandson of inventor James Starley, created a safety bicycle with two equal-sized wheels mounted in an empty metal frame. The car is fully equipped with parts such as brakes, chain-drive sleds. This is the prototype of a modern bike. Approximately 2 to 3 years later, this model was put into mass production and widely available.

The Rover model was invented by John Kemp Starley (grandson of James Starley) in 1885.

In 1888, Scottish inventor John Dunlop invented pneumatic tires for bicycles. This tire allows the bike to operate more smoothly and smoothly on rough roads, overcoming the disadvantages of solid tires. After that, people also found a model of the frame design called “diamond” with better bearing capacity.

The design of a pneumatic tire and a simple “diamond” frame makes the bike lightweight for smoother, more efficient operation. At the same time, the aforementioned improvements also facilitate maintenance and repair become more convenient.

John Dunlop (1840 -1921) invented the pneumatic tire. He is the founder of the famous Dunlop company specializing in manufacturing tires and sports equipment.

With important aspects of being easy to navigate, safe, comfortable and moving quickly, bicycles became a popular means of transportation for the middle and upper classes in Europe and North America in the second half. 1890. A bicycle with an equally sized rubber tire mounted on a frame with “diamond design” was the first bicycle model for both men and women.

It can be used smoothly. This period was a golden age in the history of bicycle development with a series of improvements that contributed to the completion of today’s modern bicycle model.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 3)

In 1878, two bicycle manufacturers from England, Otto and Wallace, invented a 2-wheel bicycle called Kangaroo. This is the first widely available bicycle equipped with the most complete slug – fork system. Kangaroo has bigger front wheels that allow it to move faster.

The manufacturers realized that if the wheels were bigger, a driver’s pedal would take the vehicle a longer distance. For that reason manufacturers are racing to make cars with bigger front wheels.

Buyers will have to choose a vehicle with the size of the front wheel to match their foot length to ensure they can be used. This is also the first time people use the word Bicyle (bicycle) to refer to two-wheeled vehicles, using the power of “pedal and run”.

Kangaroo bicycle of Otto and Wallace in 1878

The biggest drawback of bike models during this period was that the driver’s seat was too high, so the focus on the bike was not evenly distributed.

If the front wheel stumbles on a stone or is moving down a slope, the entire vehicle will dive forward while the driver’s foot is stuck on the pedal, plus the control position is quite high so very prone to dangerous injuries, especially head injuries.

In 1879, Bayliss Thomas invented “The Bayliss Thomas” bicycle with a frame made of hollow steel pipes and equipped with front forks. Around the same time, English inventor Harry John Lawson created the first bicycle model to use a chain of slugs. The chain is connected between the forks on the rear wheel axle and the pedal of the operator. This model is called a safety bicycle. This is the forerunner of today’s bike.

1874, By 1878, the first bicycles were produced in large quantities in the United States by the Pope company owned by Albert Augustus Pope.

1880 – 1899: golden age

In 1880, the British inventor was E.C.F. Otto created a “dicycle” bicycle model with two equal sized wheels placed side by side. The driver sits between the two wheels and operates the car with pedals on the sides.

When you want to control a vehicle turning left or right, the driver stops pedaling in the direction corresponding to the direction you want to turn. This model was not mass produced due to its complicated control and difficulty.

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All about bikes

WHO encourages cycling when travelling and exercising

The World Health Organization has encouraged cycling even when traveling and exercising to maintain health promotion activities during the corona virus crisis.

There has been a lot of debate in the UK about health training such as your daily exercise and how far cyclists should go, although the government does not give official guidelines on when or range.

WHO recommends cycling

But WHO has issued a welcome notice that cycling is encouraged, both for transportation and for how to stay healthy during the global crisis caused by the disease.

A statement by the organization said: While many cities around the world are introducing a series of measures to limit social exposure to prevent and slow down the COVID-19 pandemic, many still may need to move around cities to get to work. Meet daily necessities or provide support to the most vulnerable when possible.

Whenever feasible, consider cycling or walking. This provides distance between people. Meanwhile, it helps meet the minimum requirements for daily physical activity, which can be more difficult due to increased distance work, and limited participation in sports and leisure activities. other positions.

The British government has advised that we should all avoid unnecessary travel and social interaction, close restaurants, pubs and clubs, but that doesn’t mean you need to stop cycling.

Charity Cycling UK has issued a guideline for cycling during the isolation of the corona virus isolation, including asking the driver to get as much food and water as possible for your trip, to help you avoid stopping. in store and social contact.

A part of us being able to exercise for as long is a balancing act, and we all need to achieve that balance depending on the context.

The advice of cycling in UK is to go outside long enough to keep yourself in good physical and emotional condition but avoid doing more than that.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 2)

1860s: Pedal appears and Boneshaker or Velocipede

The next development of the bike is a bike similar to Drais’ Laufmaschine but equipped with a crankshaft and pedals mounted directly to the front wheel axle. This model was introduced by the French inventor Pierre Michaux in the 1865s called Fast-Foot and caused a fashion craze when everyone raced to own it. At that time, people also gave it another name is a car shook bones (Boneshaker).

The funny name Boneshaker comes from the fact that the wheels are made of wood while the wheels are made of metal. This combination makes driving on rough roads extremely uncomfortable, rambling as both walking and “shaking bone”. It is for this reason that Boneshaker during this period has not been widely available.

1870s: The High Wheel Bicycle

The development of the metallurgical level at that time allowed the creation of small metal parts, thin but strong enough to withstand the weight of the human body. In 1870, the first all-metal bike was invented by two bicycle manufacturers, James Starley and William Hillman. This car is named “Ariel” with big front wheels and small rear wheels.

Ariel bike in 1870 with big front wheels and small rear wheels

With a lightweight frame, Ariel was able to travel at 24km / h, a bicycle speed record at the time. Similar to Boneshaker, the pedals are still mounted directly to the front wheel axle and do not have a flap mechanism. Tires are made of hard, dense rubber and long, slender spokes that allow the car to move much smoother than previous models.

Originating from the need for a bicycle design for women, in 1876, James Starley continued to invent a 3-wheel bicycle called Salvo. This is the first bike to be equipped with a double chain gear chain on the wheels.

This design will let The wheel will spin for 2 times when the operator rides 1 cycle. Both wheels are equipped with metal spokes. Later, this model became very popular due to its low price, easy to control and operate safely.

James Starley was the inventor of the chain mechanism that connects the two gears mounted on the bicycle together. He was dubbed the father of the bicycle industry.