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All about bikes

How has bicycles changed our world now and then? (Part 1)

During the period of social separation, many international newspapers reported that Coronavirus led to an explosion of bicycle travel in many parts of the world. But this is not the first time bicycles have become the “hottest means” on the market.

In the 1890s, the bicycle became a symbol of the new, independent, progressive woman who wanted to have a political voice. As Godey, a women’s monthly magazine of the time, wrote: “By owning her bicycle, the girl of the 19th century felt like her declaration of independence was asserted.

Even if history does not repeat the same thing, it has parallels between present and past. With demand for bicycles skyrocketing, countries had to spend a large amount of money to redesign cities with a new focus on cyclists and pedestrians, it would be flawed to forget the birth. The bike’s end of the 19th century changed the world.

With demand for bicycles skyrocketing, countries had to spend a large amount of money to redesign cities

It’s an incredibly groundbreaking technology, even comparable to today’s smartphones. During the first few years of the 1890s, bicycles were the fastest, most affordable and stylish way to travel that could take you wherever you were interested, whenever you liked, and completely free.

Almost anyone can learn to drive, and almost everyone does. The sultan (king) of Zanzibar also cycled. So is the Tsar. Kabul’s heir bought bicycles for his entire harem. But it is the global middle class and the working class that make the bike their own.

For the first time in history, the masses are truly mobile, able to come and go as they wish. No need for extra horses and expensive wagons. Bicycles are “pampered” because it is not only light, affordable and easy to maintain, but also the fastest thing on the road.

From curiosity to madness

Society has changed. The women became extremely enthusiastic, ditched the frilly Victorian skirts and replaced the sensible tight-fitting clothes, and they set out.

Out of 60 cyclists who took part in the first Tour de France race in 1903, only 21 finished the 1,500-mile race. Renowned organizer Henri Desgrange said an ideal “Tour de France” had to be so difficult that only a single person could finish.

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The history of the bicycle and its historic mission (Part 1)

If the smartphone is considered the most prominent technological invention of the 21st century, then by the end of the 19th century, bicycles had the same role.

During the 1890s, the bicycle was an indispensable means of transport with advantages such as compactness, reasonable price, and trendy style.

Until now, the attractiveness of the bike has not changed, as major cities in the world are in the process of being redesigned to serve the needs of people traveling by bike.

Since its inception, bicycles appear almost everywhere. Everyone, regardless of gender, the class learned to ride a bicycle: King Sultan of the Zanzibar island nation, the Russian Tsar also ride bicycles, even Prince Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan also buys bicycles for the rear.

Since its inception, bicycles appear almost everywhere

However, it is the working class and the middle class that is driving the popularity of bicycles globally. For the first time in history, the two most populous groups in society can move at will without spending money on horseback riding or rickshaw.

Initially appeared, the “iron horse” made moving light, economical, durable, and also the fastest means of transportation on the road at that time. During the 1890s, bicycles became the symbol of the New Woman model-independent, radical and politically speaking.

How did the appearance of bicycles affect life?

The appearance of bicycles also motivated great shifts in society. At that time, women were very interested in the new vehicle and gradually replaced the bulky Victorian-style skirts with tights used in sports activities and other more applicable outfits.

By 1898, cycling had become so popular across the United States that the New York Commerce Press reported that the bicycle manufacturing, the largest and most advanced industry of its time, made restaurants and theaters lose more than $ 100 million per year.

The appearance of bicycles also motivated great shifts in society

The person considered the father of modern bicycles is John Kemp Starley. Before that, John’s uncle, James Starley, was the inventor of the “penny-farthing” bicycle (a vehicle with a front-wheel that was many times larger than the rear wheel, with a tubular steel frame on top of the spoked wheel with rubber tires) in 1870.

First introduced in a bicycle fair in 1886, Starley’s invention attracted many curious minds. After two years, the car tire makes the car run smoother and increases the car speed up to 30%, the car has created a miracle.

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The development of bicycles from the 20th century to the present

Bicycles became an increasingly important means of transportation in Europe during the first half of the 20th century, but the demand for bicycles decreased significantly in the US from 1900 to 1910 due to the advent of cars.

By the 1920s, bicycles gradually turned into a children’s toy and in 1940, most bicycles in the US were made for children. However, in Europe, bicycles are still widely used.

During the first half of the 20th century, bicycles were continuously developed to suit the diverse needs of consumers. The system of multi-plate tires that can be exchanged back and forth while running was developed in France from 1900 to 1910 and gradually improved over time.

In 1930, the European Bicycle Racing Organization allowed riders to use this system. Previously, if a driver was to be changed during the race, the driver had to stop, remove the wheel to change the desired plate, and reinstall it. This is extremely time consuming. This system helps riders save a lot of time when they want to change the speed of the car.

Around the middle of the 20th century, many other devices on bicycles were continued to be built and perfected such as handbrake systems, lighter pedal cycles, dinamo-powered lights on wheels and tires.

The narrower design helps reduce friction allowing the bike to move more smoothly and smoothly. These bikes became very popular in Europe especially in the UK in the 1950s and were always improved during the remaining decades of the 20th century. Bicycles gradually became a popular hobby. of many people.

Bicycles in the beginning of the 21st century

Since the beginning of the 21st century, bicycles have begun to improve drastically with the development of technology. In design, the chassis is made of different materials to reduce weight but still ensure their durability and aerodynamic requirements.

The bike balance is calculated and simulated by computer software that allows the production of bicycles that are safe for drivers. New technologies applied such as making carbon fiber parts or electronic self-shifting system make the bike more modern.

Up to the present time, bicycles have always been improved in parallel with the advancement of science and technology to meet the increasingly stringent requirements of users. 

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How were bicyles in the 19th century?

The invention of bicycles has had a great impact on society, both in culture and in promoting the industrialization of modernization. Thanks to bicycles, many modern vehicles such as cars and motorcycles were later invented.

So, how were bicycle look like in the 19th century?

E.C.F. bike model Otto in 1880

In 1885, John Kemp Starley, the grandson of inventor James Starley, created a safety bicycle with two equal-sized wheels mounted in an empty metal frame. The car is fully equipped with parts such as brakes, chain-drive sleds. This is the prototype of a modern bike. Approximately 2 to 3 years later, this model was put into mass production and widely available.

The Rover model was invented by John Kemp Starley (grandson of James Starley) in 1885.

In 1888, Scottish inventor John Dunlop invented pneumatic tires for bicycles. This tire allows the bike to operate more smoothly and smoothly on rough roads, overcoming the disadvantages of solid tires. After that, people also found a model of the frame design called “diamond” with better bearing capacity.

The design of a pneumatic tire and a simple “diamond” frame makes the bike lightweight for smoother, more efficient operation. At the same time, the aforementioned improvements also facilitate maintenance and repair become more convenient.

John Dunlop (1840 -1921) invented the pneumatic tire. He is the founder of the famous Dunlop company specializing in manufacturing tires and sports equipment.

With important aspects of being easy to navigate, safe, comfortable and moving quickly, bicycles became a popular means of transportation for the middle and upper classes in Europe and North America in the second half. 1890. A bicycle with an equally sized rubber tire mounted on a frame with “diamond design” was the first bicycle model for both men and women.

It can be used smoothly. This period was a golden age in the history of bicycle development with a series of improvements that contributed to the completion of today’s modern bicycle model.