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All about bikes

The development of bicycles from the 20th century to the present

Bicycles became an increasingly important means of transportation in Europe during the first half of the 20th century, but the demand for bicycles decreased significantly in the US from 1900 to 1910 due to the advent of cars.

By the 1920s, bicycles gradually turned into a children’s toy and in 1940, most bicycles in the US were made for children. However, in Europe, bicycles are still widely used.

During the first half of the 20th century, bicycles were continuously developed to suit the diverse needs of consumers. The system of multi-plate tires that can be exchanged back and forth while running was developed in France from 1900 to 1910 and gradually improved over time.

In 1930, the European Bicycle Racing Organization allowed riders to use this system. Previously, if a driver was to be changed during the race, the driver had to stop, remove the wheel to change the desired plate, and reinstall it. This is extremely time consuming. This system helps riders save a lot of time when they want to change the speed of the car.

Around the middle of the 20th century, many other devices on bicycles were continued to be built and perfected such as handbrake systems, lighter pedal cycles, dinamo-powered lights on wheels and tires.

The narrower design helps reduce friction allowing the bike to move more smoothly and smoothly. These bikes became very popular in Europe especially in the UK in the 1950s and were always improved during the remaining decades of the 20th century. Bicycles gradually became a popular hobby. of many people.

Bicycles in the beginning of the 21st century

Since the beginning of the 21st century, bicycles have begun to improve drastically with the development of technology. In design, the chassis is made of different materials to reduce weight but still ensure their durability and aerodynamic requirements.

The bike balance is calculated and simulated by computer software that allows the production of bicycles that are safe for drivers. New technologies applied such as making carbon fiber parts or electronic self-shifting system make the bike more modern.

Up to the present time, bicycles have always been improved in parallel with the advancement of science and technology to meet the increasingly stringent requirements of users. 

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 2)

1860s: Pedal appears and Boneshaker or Velocipede

The next development of the bike is a bike similar to Drais’ Laufmaschine but equipped with a crankshaft and pedals mounted directly to the front wheel axle. This model was introduced by the French inventor Pierre Michaux in the 1865s called Fast-Foot and caused a fashion craze when everyone raced to own it. At that time, people also gave it another name is a car shook bones (Boneshaker).

The funny name Boneshaker comes from the fact that the wheels are made of wood while the wheels are made of metal. This combination makes driving on rough roads extremely uncomfortable, rambling as both walking and “shaking bone”. It is for this reason that Boneshaker during this period has not been widely available.

1870s: The High Wheel Bicycle

The development of the metallurgical level at that time allowed the creation of small metal parts, thin but strong enough to withstand the weight of the human body. In 1870, the first all-metal bike was invented by two bicycle manufacturers, James Starley and William Hillman. This car is named “Ariel” with big front wheels and small rear wheels.

Ariel bike in 1870 with big front wheels and small rear wheels

With a lightweight frame, Ariel was able to travel at 24km / h, a bicycle speed record at the time. Similar to Boneshaker, the pedals are still mounted directly to the front wheel axle and do not have a flap mechanism. Tires are made of hard, dense rubber and long, slender spokes that allow the car to move much smoother than previous models.

Originating from the need for a bicycle design for women, in 1876, James Starley continued to invent a 3-wheel bicycle called Salvo. This is the first bike to be equipped with a double chain gear chain on the wheels.

This design will let The wheel will spin for 2 times when the operator rides 1 cycle. Both wheels are equipped with metal spokes. Later, this model became very popular due to its low price, easy to control and operate safely.

James Starley was the inventor of the chain mechanism that connects the two gears mounted on the bicycle together. He was dubbed the father of the bicycle industry.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 1)

A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle used for control of a bicycle, consisting of two wheels attached to the same chassis, one after the other. Most bicycles move by the control of the rider, and maintain balance by the law of preserving the moment of inertia.

Bicycles are a means of transport with a long history of development and in the face of escalating fuel costs, people are returning to bicycles as a means to save, reduce environmental pollution and also is a method of health training.

Bicycles were put into use in the 19th century in Europe. By 2003, bicycles had more than one billion worldwide, more than double the number of cars. The basic shape and configuration of a standing bike, or safety bike, have changed little since the first model of the bike was developed around 1885, though the idea of ​​a vehicle This has been around since 1700. The following is a video depicting the whole “evolution” of this two-man power-selling car.

To become a complete transportation mode today, the bicycle has undergone a development history with a series of innovations by many inventors. Let’s take a look at important milestones in the process of formation and development of the bike.

1817: Drais walking machine – the bicycle is born

The first concept of bicycles came from the early 19th century. The German baron, Baron von Drais, came up with the idea of ​​inventing a vehicle that could help him move quickly around the completed garden. In 1817, he introduced a “walking” vehicle called Laufmaschine (in German it means “foot-powered machine”). On his first use on June 12, 1817, he traveled the 13km road in less than an hour.

Laufmaschine is also known as Draisine (English) or draisienne (French) or Hobby Horse (wooden horse) because it is made almost entirely from wood. The car weighs 22kg with the structure of 2 wooden wheels covered with iron of equal size and mounted on a wooden frame. The front wheel can drive and the rear wheel is equipped with a brake. The vehicle is operated by the driver will push the ground to the back and it will move forward.

He was granted a commercial patent for this invention in 1818. Thousands of units were produced primarily in Western Europe and North America, but there was still a shortcoming that it was difficult to maintain balance when control. Drais’ invention was quickly rejected by users due to the increasing number of accidents that forced some municipalities to ban the use of this vehicle.