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All about bikes

The history of sports bicycles and cycle sport (Part 2)

Cycling began to become a popular sport in Europe in the 1890s with improvements in road conditions and the introduction of some classic sports one day continues to this day.

After France and Belgium, races were introduced in Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands. In 1903, the Tour de France was established and still held every year so far. Next comes the big three-week tours of Italy (Giro d’Italia) and Spain (Vuelta an España).

Normally, Giro is held in May and June, Tour de France in July, Vuelta in September, and World Championships in October. Prizes in these races amount to $ 2.5 million. Only in Tour de France.

European road racing races were sponsored by bicycle makers until the late 1920s when national and regional teams were introduced. After World War II, with the decline of bicycle manufacturers, teams began turning to various sponsors, including carmakers, insurance companies, and banks.

The professional bicycle racing season now begins in January with races in Australia and Malaysia, continuing from February to October in Europe and the United States, in Asia in November and December. For most racers, a season of about 120 days stretching over eight months.

For most riders, a season has about 120 days of competition stretching for eight months

In the UK, racing fell in popularity after the turn of the 20th century, with the advent of cars. Bicycle tracks are gradually closed. However, in Asia and Australia, it is not so, the roads usually have a lot of spectators for races such as Tour Down Under in Australia, Tour of Langkawi in Malaysia and Japan Cup.

The men’s marathon and the racetrack were first held at the 1896 Olympic Games; women participated in the Olympic in 1984 and 1988 bicycle races. Mountain biking, a cross-country race on rough terrain, became an Olympic event for men and women at the Olympics 1996 in Atlanta. The Atlanta Olympics also mark the first Olympics in which professional riders are allowed to participate in road racing and time limit racing races.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 3)

In 1878, two bicycle manufacturers from England, Otto and Wallace, invented a 2-wheel bicycle called Kangaroo. This is the first widely available bicycle equipped with the most complete slug – fork system. Kangaroo has bigger front wheels that allow it to move faster.

The manufacturers realized that if the wheels were bigger, a driver’s pedal would take the vehicle a longer distance. For that reason manufacturers are racing to make cars with bigger front wheels.

Buyers will have to choose a vehicle with the size of the front wheel to match their foot length to ensure they can be used. This is also the first time people use the word Bicyle (bicycle) to refer to two-wheeled vehicles, using the power of “pedal and run”.

Kangaroo bicycle of Otto and Wallace in 1878

The biggest drawback of bike models during this period was that the driver’s seat was too high, so the focus on the bike was not evenly distributed.

If the front wheel stumbles on a stone or is moving down a slope, the entire vehicle will dive forward while the driver’s foot is stuck on the pedal, plus the control position is quite high so very prone to dangerous injuries, especially head injuries.

In 1879, Bayliss Thomas invented “The Bayliss Thomas” bicycle with a frame made of hollow steel pipes and equipped with front forks. Around the same time, English inventor Harry John Lawson created the first bicycle model to use a chain of slugs. The chain is connected between the forks on the rear wheel axle and the pedal of the operator. This model is called a safety bicycle. This is the forerunner of today’s bike.

1874, By 1878, the first bicycles were produced in large quantities in the United States by the Pope company owned by Albert Augustus Pope.

1880 – 1899: golden age

In 1880, the British inventor was E.C.F. Otto created a “dicycle” bicycle model with two equal sized wheels placed side by side. The driver sits between the two wheels and operates the car with pedals on the sides.

When you want to control a vehicle turning left or right, the driver stops pedaling in the direction corresponding to the direction you want to turn. This model was not mass produced due to its complicated control and difficulty.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 2)

1860s: Pedal appears and Boneshaker or Velocipede

The next development of the bike is a bike similar to Drais’ Laufmaschine but equipped with a crankshaft and pedals mounted directly to the front wheel axle. This model was introduced by the French inventor Pierre Michaux in the 1865s called Fast-Foot and caused a fashion craze when everyone raced to own it. At that time, people also gave it another name is a car shook bones (Boneshaker).

The funny name Boneshaker comes from the fact that the wheels are made of wood while the wheels are made of metal. This combination makes driving on rough roads extremely uncomfortable, rambling as both walking and “shaking bone”. It is for this reason that Boneshaker during this period has not been widely available.

1870s: The High Wheel Bicycle

The development of the metallurgical level at that time allowed the creation of small metal parts, thin but strong enough to withstand the weight of the human body. In 1870, the first all-metal bike was invented by two bicycle manufacturers, James Starley and William Hillman. This car is named “Ariel” with big front wheels and small rear wheels.

Ariel bike in 1870 with big front wheels and small rear wheels

With a lightweight frame, Ariel was able to travel at 24km / h, a bicycle speed record at the time. Similar to Boneshaker, the pedals are still mounted directly to the front wheel axle and do not have a flap mechanism. Tires are made of hard, dense rubber and long, slender spokes that allow the car to move much smoother than previous models.

Originating from the need for a bicycle design for women, in 1876, James Starley continued to invent a 3-wheel bicycle called Salvo. This is the first bike to be equipped with a double chain gear chain on the wheels.

This design will let The wheel will spin for 2 times when the operator rides 1 cycle. Both wheels are equipped with metal spokes. Later, this model became very popular due to its low price, easy to control and operate safely.

James Starley was the inventor of the chain mechanism that connects the two gears mounted on the bicycle together. He was dubbed the father of the bicycle industry.

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All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 1)

A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle used for control of a bicycle, consisting of two wheels attached to the same chassis, one after the other. Most bicycles move by the control of the rider, and maintain balance by the law of preserving the moment of inertia.

Bicycles are a means of transport with a long history of development and in the face of escalating fuel costs, people are returning to bicycles as a means to save, reduce environmental pollution and also is a method of health training.

Bicycles were put into use in the 19th century in Europe. By 2003, bicycles had more than one billion worldwide, more than double the number of cars. The basic shape and configuration of a standing bike, or safety bike, have changed little since the first model of the bike was developed around 1885, though the idea of ​​a vehicle This has been around since 1700. The following is a video depicting the whole “evolution” of this two-man power-selling car.

To become a complete transportation mode today, the bicycle has undergone a development history with a series of innovations by many inventors. Let’s take a look at important milestones in the process of formation and development of the bike.

1817: Drais walking machine – the bicycle is born

The first concept of bicycles came from the early 19th century. The German baron, Baron von Drais, came up with the idea of ​​inventing a vehicle that could help him move quickly around the completed garden. In 1817, he introduced a “walking” vehicle called Laufmaschine (in German it means “foot-powered machine”). On his first use on June 12, 1817, he traveled the 13km road in less than an hour.

Laufmaschine is also known as Draisine (English) or draisienne (French) or Hobby Horse (wooden horse) because it is made almost entirely from wood. The car weighs 22kg with the structure of 2 wooden wheels covered with iron of equal size and mounted on a wooden frame. The front wheel can drive and the rear wheel is equipped with a brake. The vehicle is operated by the driver will push the ground to the back and it will move forward.

He was granted a commercial patent for this invention in 1818. Thousands of units were produced primarily in Western Europe and North America, but there was still a shortcoming that it was difficult to maintain balance when control. Drais’ invention was quickly rejected by users due to the increasing number of accidents that forced some municipalities to ban the use of this vehicle.