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All about bikes

How have bicycles changed our world now and then? (Part 4)

British musician Henry Dacre made a big hit on both sides of the Atlantic in 1892 with Daisy Bell and the famous chorus a bicycle built for two. Writer H.G. Wells, an avid cyclist, and a keen social watcher have written several bicycle novels with soothing stories surrounding the romantic, free, and inclusive possibilities of this wonderful new form of shipping.

Wells is not alone in seeing the role bicycles play in shaping the future. Young people cycling in New York’s Central Park in 1942. After storming the world in the 1890s, bicycles were soon dropped as a kind of “toy” when their umbrella gradually prevailed.

Cyclists paved the way for the age of the automobile

It was the millions of cyclists plus one of the nation’s largest industries at the time that created the political momentum that led to rapid improvements in rural roads and roads. Indeed, cyclists paved the way for the age of the automobile – which no one could have anticipated at that time.

The first bicycle-only trails

Brooklyn opened one of the first bicycle-only trails in 1895 – the route from Prospect Park to Coney Island. About 10,000 cyclists used it on the first day of its inauguration. Two years later, New York City enacted the country’s first traffic law to deal with the growing number of speed ghosts on bicycles.

Teddy Roosevelt, the city police commissioner, introduces the police team to use bicycles with the ability to arrest speed drivers. Until that time, the classic bicycle was still the fastest vehicle on the road.

However, that’s just temporary. Before the decade ended, cyclists on both sides of the Atlantic discovered that stretch tires, chain drives, and bearings could be combined with engines to make faster cars. Although it is not quite, it does not have the advantages of low operating costs like bicycles, but it is more enjoyable and more profitable for the seller.

In Dayton, Ohio, bicyclists Wilbur and Orville Wright are exploring the idea of ​​a machine that weighs more than air, tying wings for a bicycle to test its aerodynamics. Costs for the studies are covered by profits from their bike shop.

Back in the town of Coventry, in the north of England, James Kemp Starley, who created the Rover safety bike suddenly died in 1901 at the age of 46. Then his company moved from the modest bikes to motorcycles and eventually cars. This seems to be the way of the future: In America, another former cyclist named Henry Ford transitioned from bicycles to motorcycles and cars and ushered in the automotive era.

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How have bicycles changed our world now and then? (Part 3)

The endless demand for bicycles spawned other industries including bearings, spokes for spokes, steel pipes, precision fabrication tools – these industries that would shape the manufacturing world.

As we know it, even a bicycle has become something as simple as a toy. This effect spread to the entire advertising industry.

Artists are hired to create beautiful posters that provide a potentially lucrative market for newly developed lithography processes that enable printing with rich, vivid colors. Marketing strategies, such as formulating the planned obsolete models and launching new models each year, began with the commercialization of bicycles in the 1890s.

The 1890s bicycle craze created a great demand for cycling magazines, tour guides, maps, and guidebooks, with up to ten percent of all print advertising related to cycling.

Touching every aspect of life

With a bicycle, everything seemed possible and ordinary people in society began extraordinary trips. In the summer of 1890, a young lieutenant in the Russian army pedaled from St Petersburg to London at an average speed of 70 miles a day.

In September 1894, Annie Londonderry, then 24, set out from Chicago, dressed in a new outfit and holding a pearly pistol to become the first woman to cycle around the world.

Bicycles in the past

Less than a year later, she returned to Chicago and received the award of $ 10,000. In Australia, nomadic shippers have driven hundreds of miles through the arid outback areas in search of work.

In the West American, in the summer of 1897, the US Army’s 25th Regiment – an African-American unit known as the Buffalo Soldiers – made a 1,900-mile voyage from Fort Missoula, Montana, to St. Louis, Missouri to demonstrate the military’s usefulness of bicycles.

Packed with gear, guns and driving on rough, muddy roads, Buffalo soldiers drove an average of nearly 50 miles a day – twice as fast as a cavalry unit, at a cost of just one. third party.

The birth of the bicycle has touched almost every aspect of the life of art, music, literature, fashion, even human genetic resources. British parish records show that marriages between different villages increased dramatically during the bicycle craze of the 1890s.

Young people newly liberated by bicycles roamed the countryside. As you like, chatting on the road together, and meeting in remote villages.

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How have bicycles changed our world now and then? (Part 2)

By 1898, cycling had become such a popular activity in the United States that the New York Commerce magazine claimed it cost restaurants and theaters more than $ 100 million a year due to declining sales reduction.

Bicycle production has become one of America’s largest and most innovative industries. One-third of all patent applications are bicycle-related – and so many are that the US patent office had to build a separate appendix for bicycles.

John Kemp Starley, an Englishman who is said to be the inventor of the modern bike. His uncle, Starley assumed that people could have a greater need for bicycles if they weren’t so frightening and dangerous, so in 1885, the 30-year-old inventor began experimenting in his workshop with a much smaller two-wheeled chain bicycle. After testing several prototypes, he designed the Rover safety bike, a machine weighing 45 pounds, more or less similar to modern bicycles.

By the 1930s Hercules was one of the largest manufacturers of bicycles in the world

Founded in 1910, by the 1930s Hercules was one of the largest manufacturers of bicycles in the world, making out more than 1,000 bikes per day.

Bicycle shows

When first displayed at a bicycle show in 1886, Starley’s invention intrigued everyone. And two years later, when combined with the newly invented pneumatic tire, it not only helped create cushioning but also made the bike safe at speeds about 30% faster than the first version – the results were miraculous.

Bicycle manufacturers around the world scrambled to offer their versions, and hundreds of new companies sprung up to meet that demand. At the Stanley Bicycle Show in London in 1895, about 200 bicycle manufacturers displayed 3,000 models.

The first cycling superstar, American Marshall Walter “Major” Taylor became a professional racer in 1896 while in his teens and set seven world records during his cycling career.

One of the largest manufacturers is Columbia Bicycles, with a factory in Hartford, Connecticut. This company can make one bike in a minute thanks to the assembly line. Its auto pressure, a pioneering technology that will one day characterize the auto industry.

As a pioneering employer in the booming industry, Columbia also provides its employees with bicycle parking, private lockers, subsidized meals at the company canteen and library. Clementson established the legal rights of cyclists when using use the roads.

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How has bicycles changed our world now and then? (Part 1)

During the period of social separation, many international newspapers reported that Coronavirus led to an explosion of bicycle travel in many parts of the world. But this is not the first time bicycles have become the “hottest means” on the market.

In the 1890s, the bicycle became a symbol of the new, independent, progressive woman who wanted to have a political voice. As Godey, a women’s monthly magazine of the time, wrote: “By owning her bicycle, the girl of the 19th century felt like her declaration of independence was asserted.

Even if history does not repeat the same thing, it has parallels between present and past. With demand for bicycles skyrocketing, countries had to spend a large amount of money to redesign cities with a new focus on cyclists and pedestrians, it would be flawed to forget the birth. The bike’s end of the 19th century changed the world.

With demand for bicycles skyrocketing, countries had to spend a large amount of money to redesign cities

It’s an incredibly groundbreaking technology, even comparable to today’s smartphones. During the first few years of the 1890s, bicycles were the fastest, most affordable and stylish way to travel that could take you wherever you were interested, whenever you liked, and completely free.

Almost anyone can learn to drive, and almost everyone does. The sultan (king) of Zanzibar also cycled. So is the Tsar. Kabul’s heir bought bicycles for his entire harem. But it is the global middle class and the working class that make the bike their own.

For the first time in history, the masses are truly mobile, able to come and go as they wish. No need for extra horses and expensive wagons. Bicycles are “pampered” because it is not only light, affordable and easy to maintain, but also the fastest thing on the road.

From curiosity to madness

Society has changed. The women became extremely enthusiastic, ditched the frilly Victorian skirts and replaced the sensible tight-fitting clothes, and they set out.

Out of 60 cyclists who took part in the first Tour de France race in 1903, only 21 finished the 1,500-mile race. Renowned organizer Henri Desgrange said an ideal “Tour de France” had to be so difficult that only a single person could finish.

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The history of the bicycle and its historic mission (Part 1)

If the smartphone is considered the most prominent technological invention of the 21st century, then by the end of the 19th century, bicycles had the same role.

During the 1890s, the bicycle was an indispensable means of transport with advantages such as compactness, reasonable price, and trendy style.

Until now, the attractiveness of the bike has not changed, as major cities in the world are in the process of being redesigned to serve the needs of people traveling by bike.

Since its inception, bicycles appear almost everywhere. Everyone, regardless of gender, the class learned to ride a bicycle: King Sultan of the Zanzibar island nation, the Russian Tsar also ride bicycles, even Prince Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan also buys bicycles for the rear.

Since its inception, bicycles appear almost everywhere

However, it is the working class and the middle class that is driving the popularity of bicycles globally. For the first time in history, the two most populous groups in society can move at will without spending money on horseback riding or rickshaw.

Initially appeared, the “iron horse” made moving light, economical, durable, and also the fastest means of transportation on the road at that time. During the 1890s, bicycles became the symbol of the New Woman model-independent, radical and politically speaking.

How did the appearance of bicycles affect life?

The appearance of bicycles also motivated great shifts in society. At that time, women were very interested in the new vehicle and gradually replaced the bulky Victorian-style skirts with tights used in sports activities and other more applicable outfits.

By 1898, cycling had become so popular across the United States that the New York Commerce Press reported that the bicycle manufacturing, the largest and most advanced industry of its time, made restaurants and theaters lose more than $ 100 million per year.

The appearance of bicycles also motivated great shifts in society

The person considered the father of modern bicycles is John Kemp Starley. Before that, John’s uncle, James Starley, was the inventor of the “penny-farthing” bicycle (a vehicle with a front-wheel that was many times larger than the rear wheel, with a tubular steel frame on top of the spoked wheel with rubber tires) in 1870.

First introduced in a bicycle fair in 1886, Starley’s invention attracted many curious minds. After two years, the car tire makes the car run smoother and increases the car speed up to 30%, the car has created a miracle.

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The history of sports bicycles and cycle sport (Part 2)

Cycling began to become a popular sport in Europe in the 1890s with improvements in road conditions and the introduction of some classic sports one day continues to this day.

After France and Belgium, races were introduced in Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands. In 1903, the Tour de France was established and still held every year so far. Next comes the big three-week tours of Italy (Giro d’Italia) and Spain (Vuelta an España).

Normally, Giro is held in May and June, Tour de France in July, Vuelta in September, and World Championships in October. Prizes in these races amount to $ 2.5 million. Only in Tour de France.

European road racing races were sponsored by bicycle makers until the late 1920s when national and regional teams were introduced. After World War II, with the decline of bicycle manufacturers, teams began turning to various sponsors, including carmakers, insurance companies, and banks.

The professional bicycle racing season now begins in January with races in Australia and Malaysia, continuing from February to October in Europe and the United States, in Asia in November and December. For most racers, a season of about 120 days stretching over eight months.

For most riders, a season has about 120 days of competition stretching for eight months

In the UK, racing fell in popularity after the turn of the 20th century, with the advent of cars. Bicycle tracks are gradually closed. However, in Asia and Australia, it is not so, the roads usually have a lot of spectators for races such as Tour Down Under in Australia, Tour of Langkawi in Malaysia and Japan Cup.

The men’s marathon and the racetrack were first held at the 1896 Olympic Games; women participated in the Olympic in 1984 and 1988 bicycle races. Mountain biking, a cross-country race on rough terrain, became an Olympic event for men and women at the Olympics 1996 in Atlanta. The Atlanta Olympics also mark the first Olympics in which professional riders are allowed to participate in road racing and time limit racing races.

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The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 3)

In 1878, two bicycle manufacturers from England, Otto and Wallace, invented a 2-wheel bicycle called Kangaroo. This is the first widely available bicycle equipped with the most complete slug – fork system. Kangaroo has bigger front wheels that allow it to move faster.

The manufacturers realized that if the wheels were bigger, a driver’s pedal would take the vehicle a longer distance. For that reason manufacturers are racing to make cars with bigger front wheels.

Buyers will have to choose a vehicle with the size of the front wheel to match their foot length to ensure they can be used. This is also the first time people use the word Bicyle (bicycle) to refer to two-wheeled vehicles, using the power of “pedal and run”.

Kangaroo bicycle of Otto and Wallace in 1878

The biggest drawback of bike models during this period was that the driver’s seat was too high, so the focus on the bike was not evenly distributed.

If the front wheel stumbles on a stone or is moving down a slope, the entire vehicle will dive forward while the driver’s foot is stuck on the pedal, plus the control position is quite high so very prone to dangerous injuries, especially head injuries.

In 1879, Bayliss Thomas invented “The Bayliss Thomas” bicycle with a frame made of hollow steel pipes and equipped with front forks. Around the same time, English inventor Harry John Lawson created the first bicycle model to use a chain of slugs. The chain is connected between the forks on the rear wheel axle and the pedal of the operator. This model is called a safety bicycle. This is the forerunner of today’s bike.

1874, By 1878, the first bicycles were produced in large quantities in the United States by the Pope company owned by Albert Augustus Pope.

1880 – 1899: golden age

In 1880, the British inventor was E.C.F. Otto created a “dicycle” bicycle model with two equal sized wheels placed side by side. The driver sits between the two wheels and operates the car with pedals on the sides.

When you want to control a vehicle turning left or right, the driver stops pedaling in the direction corresponding to the direction you want to turn. This model was not mass produced due to its complicated control and difficulty.

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The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 2)

1860s: Pedal appears and Boneshaker or Velocipede

The next development of the bike is a bike similar to Drais’ Laufmaschine but equipped with a crankshaft and pedals mounted directly to the front wheel axle. This model was introduced by the French inventor Pierre Michaux in the 1865s called Fast-Foot and caused a fashion craze when everyone raced to own it. At that time, people also gave it another name is a car shook bones (Boneshaker).

The funny name Boneshaker comes from the fact that the wheels are made of wood while the wheels are made of metal. This combination makes driving on rough roads extremely uncomfortable, rambling as both walking and “shaking bone”. It is for this reason that Boneshaker during this period has not been widely available.

1870s: The High Wheel Bicycle

The development of the metallurgical level at that time allowed the creation of small metal parts, thin but strong enough to withstand the weight of the human body. In 1870, the first all-metal bike was invented by two bicycle manufacturers, James Starley and William Hillman. This car is named “Ariel” with big front wheels and small rear wheels.

Ariel bike in 1870 with big front wheels and small rear wheels

With a lightweight frame, Ariel was able to travel at 24km / h, a bicycle speed record at the time. Similar to Boneshaker, the pedals are still mounted directly to the front wheel axle and do not have a flap mechanism. Tires are made of hard, dense rubber and long, slender spokes that allow the car to move much smoother than previous models.

Originating from the need for a bicycle design for women, in 1876, James Starley continued to invent a 3-wheel bicycle called Salvo. This is the first bike to be equipped with a double chain gear chain on the wheels.

This design will let The wheel will spin for 2 times when the operator rides 1 cycle. Both wheels are equipped with metal spokes. Later, this model became very popular due to its low price, easy to control and operate safely.

James Starley was the inventor of the chain mechanism that connects the two gears mounted on the bicycle together. He was dubbed the father of the bicycle industry.

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The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 1)

A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle used for control of a bicycle, consisting of two wheels attached to the same chassis, one after the other. Most bicycles move by the control of the rider, and maintain balance by the law of preserving the moment of inertia.

Bicycles are a means of transport with a long history of development and in the face of escalating fuel costs, people are returning to bicycles as a means to save, reduce environmental pollution and also is a method of health training.

Bicycles were put into use in the 19th century in Europe. By 2003, bicycles had more than one billion worldwide, more than double the number of cars. The basic shape and configuration of a standing bike, or safety bike, have changed little since the first model of the bike was developed around 1885, though the idea of ​​a vehicle This has been around since 1700. The following is a video depicting the whole “evolution” of this two-man power-selling car.

To become a complete transportation mode today, the bicycle has undergone a development history with a series of innovations by many inventors. Let’s take a look at important milestones in the process of formation and development of the bike.

1817: Drais walking machine – the bicycle is born

The first concept of bicycles came from the early 19th century. The German baron, Baron von Drais, came up with the idea of ​​inventing a vehicle that could help him move quickly around the completed garden. In 1817, he introduced a “walking” vehicle called Laufmaschine (in German it means “foot-powered machine”). On his first use on June 12, 1817, he traveled the 13km road in less than an hour.

Laufmaschine is also known as Draisine (English) or draisienne (French) or Hobby Horse (wooden horse) because it is made almost entirely from wood. The car weighs 22kg with the structure of 2 wooden wheels covered with iron of equal size and mounted on a wooden frame. The front wheel can drive and the rear wheel is equipped with a brake. The vehicle is operated by the driver will push the ground to the back and it will move forward.

He was granted a commercial patent for this invention in 1818. Thousands of units were produced primarily in Western Europe and North America, but there was still a shortcoming that it was difficult to maintain balance when control. Drais’ invention was quickly rejected by users due to the increasing number of accidents that forced some municipalities to ban the use of this vehicle.