1860s: Pedal appears and Boneshaker or Velocipede
The next development of the bike is a bike similar to Drais’ Laufmaschine but equipped with a crankshaft and pedals mounted directly to the front wheel axle. This model was introduced by the French inventor Pierre Michaux in the 1865s called Fast-Foot and caused a fashion craze when everyone raced to own it. At that time, people also gave it another name is a car shook bones (Boneshaker).
The funny name Boneshaker comes from the fact that the wheels are made of wood while the wheels are made of metal. This combination makes driving on rough roads extremely uncomfortable, rambling as both walking and “shaking bone”. It is for this reason that Boneshaker during this period has not been widely available.
1870s: The High Wheel Bicycle
The development of the metallurgical level at that time allowed the creation of small metal parts, thin but strong enough to withstand the weight of the human body. In 1870, the first all-metal bike was invented by two bicycle manufacturers, James Starley and William Hillman. This car is named “Ariel” with big front wheels and small rear wheels.
Ariel bike in 1870 with big front wheels and small rear wheels
With a lightweight frame, Ariel was able to travel at 24km / h, a bicycle speed record at the time. Similar to Boneshaker, the pedals are still mounted directly to the front wheel axle and do not have a flap mechanism. Tires are made of hard, dense rubber and long, slender spokes that allow the car to move much smoother than previous models.
Originating from the need for a bicycle design for women, in 1876, James Starley continued to invent a 3-wheel bicycle called Salvo. This is the first bike to be equipped with a double chain gear chain on the wheels.
This design will let The wheel will spin for 2 times when the operator rides 1 cycle. Both wheels are equipped with metal spokes. Later, this model became very popular due to its low price, easy to control and operate safely.
James Starley was the inventor of the chain mechanism that connects the two gears mounted on the bicycle together. He was dubbed the father of the bicycle industry.