A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle used for control of a bicycle, consisting of two wheels attached to the same chassis, one after the other. Most bicycles move by the control of the rider, and maintain balance by the law of preserving the moment of inertia.
Bicycles are a means of transport with a long history of development and in the face of escalating fuel costs, people are returning to bicycles as a means to save, reduce environmental pollution and also is a method of health training.
Bicycles were put into use in the 19th century in Europe. By 2003, bicycles had more than one billion worldwide, more than double the number of cars. The basic shape and configuration of a standing bike, or safety bike, have changed little since the first model of the bike was developed around 1885, though the idea of a vehicle This has been around since 1700. The following is a video depicting the whole “evolution” of this two-man power-selling car.
To become a complete transportation mode today, the bicycle has undergone a development history with a series of innovations by many inventors. Let’s take a look at important milestones in the process of formation and development of the bike.
1817: Drais walking machine – the bicycle is born
The first concept of bicycles came from the early 19th century. The German baron, Baron von Drais, came up with the idea of inventing a vehicle that could help him move quickly around the completed garden. In 1817, he introduced a “walking” vehicle called Laufmaschine (in German it means “foot-powered machine”). On his first use on June 12, 1817, he traveled the 13km road in less than an hour.
Laufmaschine is also known as Draisine (English) or draisienne (French) or Hobby Horse (wooden horse) because it is made almost entirely from wood. The car weighs 22kg with the structure of 2 wooden wheels covered with iron of equal size and mounted on a wooden frame. The front wheel can drive and the rear wheel is equipped with a brake. The vehicle is operated by the driver will push the ground to the back and it will move forward.
He was granted a commercial patent for this invention in 1818. Thousands of units were produced primarily in Western Europe and North America, but there was still a shortcoming that it was difficult to maintain balance when control. Drais’ invention was quickly rejected by users due to the increasing number of accidents that forced some municipalities to ban the use of this vehicle.