All about bikes

The history and development of bicycle in the world (Part 3)

In 1878, two bicycle manufacturers from England, Otto and Wallace, invented a 2-wheel bicycle called Kangaroo. This is the first widely available bicycle equipped with the most complete slug – fork system. Kangaroo has bigger front wheels that allow it to move faster.

The manufacturers realized that if the wheels were bigger, a driver’s pedal would take the vehicle a longer distance. For that reason manufacturers are racing to make cars with bigger front wheels.

Buyers will have to choose a vehicle with the size of the front wheel to match their foot length to ensure they can be used. This is also the first time people use the word Bicyle (bicycle) to refer to two-wheeled vehicles, using the power of “pedal and run”.

Kangaroo bicycle of Otto and Wallace in 1878

The biggest drawback of bike models during this period was that the driver’s seat was too high, so the focus on the bike was not evenly distributed.

If the front wheel stumbles on a stone or is moving down a slope, the entire vehicle will dive forward while the driver’s foot is stuck on the pedal, plus the control position is quite high so very prone to dangerous injuries, especially head injuries.

In 1879, Bayliss Thomas invented “The Bayliss Thomas” bicycle with a frame made of hollow steel pipes and equipped with front forks. Around the same time, English inventor Harry John Lawson created the first bicycle model to use a chain of slugs. The chain is connected between the forks on the rear wheel axle and the pedal of the operator. This model is called a safety bicycle. This is the forerunner of today’s bike.

1874, By 1878, the first bicycles were produced in large quantities in the United States by the Pope company owned by Albert Augustus Pope.

1880 – 1899: golden age

In 1880, the British inventor was E.C.F. Otto created a “dicycle” bicycle model with two equal sized wheels placed side by side. The driver sits between the two wheels and operates the car with pedals on the sides.

When you want to control a vehicle turning left or right, the driver stops pedaling in the direction corresponding to the direction you want to turn. This model was not mass produced due to its complicated control and difficulty.